There are many calamities around the world, one of the most dangerous disasters is earthquake which threatens the safety of people and the... Show moreThere are many calamities around the world, one of the most dangerous disasters is earthquake which threatens the safety of people and the structures. Almost every year, there are a lot of property losses and casualties caused by earthquakes. To mitigate the bad effect of the earthquake, the base isolation system was proposed by previous researchers. With the contribution of many researchers, several seismic isolations have been developed. Until now, many structures have installed seismic isolations to resist seismic energy and vibration. The seismic isolation system works well during the earthquake period, and it does help reduce the casualty and property loss induced by earthquakes. There are two main types of bearings used in the seismic isolation system. One is the elastomeric bearings and the other is the sliding bearings. The mechanics of the seismic isolation system preventing the influence of the earthquake and reducing the horizontal acceleration of the structure is to elongate the natural frequency of structure. As for the sliding bearings, the simplest way to increase the period is to reduce the friction coefficient of the two sliding elements. In conventional, two stainless steel plates are commonly used in the pure flat sliding bearing. This study tries to use bronze-graphite composite in the sliding bearing to decrease the friction coefficient.Consequently, the testing results suggest that the bronze-graphite composite has a lower friction coefficient, especially the graphite acting as a lubricant. The friction coefficient of the bronze-graphite plate is in the range of 0.12 to 0.23 under the load of 160 kg - 800kg. With a higher ratio of graphite to bronze at the sliding surface, the effect of reducing the friction coefficient more obviously. And the friction coefficient changes during the increasing loads period. It decreases at the beginning, and starts to increase at a certain load applied on it.
Finally, it is reasonable to bronze-graphite composite in a low rise structure which has a relatively low weight. Because the load applied in the test is not high enough, the consequence may not work for high or heavy structure. Taken together, the use of new material with similar properties in the seismic isolation system can help improve the performance of resisting the earthquake. It should be accounted for further research in this field. Show less