Fake news tends to spread faster and wider than real news. It has a greater impact and can lead to negative and dangerous outcomes. With the... Show moreFake news tends to spread faster and wider than real news. It has a greater impact and can lead to negative and dangerous outcomes. With the world spending an increasing amount of time on their mobile devices, people tend to get more of their news from their desired social media platform. It has become part of our daily lives, whether it is to keep in touch with friends and family, to getting gossip on celebrities or even shopping. In 2022, the average time a person spends per day on the internet on a social media platform has been accounted to be about 147 minutes, indicating an increase in time spent scrolling through information online.It has become a widespread phenomenon in recent years, thanks in part to the rapid spread of information through social media and other online channels. It is increasingly important to explore and understand fake news and its impact on society, as well as to develop effective tools and methods for detecting and combating it. There are several factors that can tamper with the successful detection of fake news. Machine learning models often fall to such biases that result in inaccurate predictions.
There are several biases that have been identified like age, gender, sex and many more. In this thesis, we are exploring location as a form of a bias and if it hinders prediction. We have looked at location from two perspectives. One, taking location as co-ordinates in the form of latitude and longitude and analyzing the likelihood of a tweet coming from a location to be fake or not. The second method we have used is that we have considered location as an entity and used natural language processing model to see if its able to predict if the given tweet is fake or not, along with masking the location mentioned in the tweet and analyzing how the performance of the model changes.
Machine learning models can play an important role in fake news detection models, by analyzing large amounts of data and identifying patterns and indicators that suggest a piece of information may be false or misleading, but they are often susceptible to some form of biases. By studying biases on machine learning models on fake news datasets, we can develop more effective tools for identifying fake news and taking steps towards mitigating it, ultimately helping to protect the integrity of information and promote informed decision-making in society. Show less