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- Constellation and Detection Design for Non-orthogonal Multiple Access System
- Hao, Xing
It is well known that the Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) system has the capability to achieve higher spectral efficiency and massive...
Show moreIt is well known that the Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) system has the capability to achieve higher spectral efficiency and massive connectivity. In this thesis, some optimized designs in both code-domain and power-domain NOMA systems are studied. Overall, the main contributions are listed as follows:Firstly, we investigate a NOMA system based on the combinatorial design with a novel constellation design for eliminating the surjective mapping from the linear adding data of multiuser and lowering the complexity of constellation design and Multiuser Detection (MUD). And for further enlarge the connectivity, we propose a Low-Density Codes structure to build a trade-off between the diversity and multiusers in resources by expurgating excessive interference on coding matrices. Therefore, our scheme can not only provide a one-to-one mapping pattern with a sparser multiple access structure but also be adjusted with more flexibility to achieve diversity and transmit a large number of users.Secondly, we proposed a constellation mapping scheme based on sub-optimized signal constellation designs by shaping the receiver’s constellation with a strategy that allows differentiated users by which resolvable points will be received allowing simpler detection and design.Thirdly, a novel NOMA system in uplink with time-delayed symbols is investigated, in which a modified Successive Interference Cancellation (SIC) scheme is used at the receiver side. In conventional SIC, when the transmission power is distributed to one user with trivial shifts to other users, the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance will be decreased significantly. Thus, we evaluated a modified SIC by adding artificial time offsets to the conventional power domain-NOMA (PD-NOMA) between users, which can provide higher degrees of freedom for power allocation of users and reduce mutual interference. And then, the added time offsets can provide additional resources to detect the superimposed signals, then the combination of users’ estimations of overall time slots will be considered to get detection improvements. Numerical results demonstrate that the BER performance of our modified SIC outperforms the PD-NOMA with other SIC-based schemes.Thirdly, we propose a new modulation scheme based on polynomial phase signals (PPS) for downlink and uplink non-orthogonal multiple-access (NOMA) transceivers in both the code and power domains. The PPS leads to outstanding spectral efficiency and bit error rate (BER) performance. We also propose a design criterion for CD-NOMA systems to enable the NOMA system to deploy a large number of users with more flexibility as well as lower design and detection complexity than traditional CD-NOMA systems, such as SCMA and PDMA.