CYCLIC THERMAL TREATMENT
Gu, Sijie
Cyclic Thermal Treatment
Diffusion
gas carburizing
Cyclic thermal treatment has the potential to improve energy efficiency of thermal processing. It has been shown that in some cases, the productivity was enhanced by the cyclic thermal treatment operation. In order to investigate the cyclic thermal treatment effect, Copper-Nickel interdiffusion couples were investigated. When the Cu-Ni interdiffusion couple showed positive results, the cyclic thermal treatment was applied to pack carburization and gas carburization of steel. The Cu-Ni interdiffusion couples were annealed with different time-temperature profiles for 5 days. There are three types of time-temperature profile; isothermal, symmetric, and asymmetric cyclic thermal treatment. After thermal treatment, concentration-distance profiles were. Based on the concentration-distance profile, the interdiffusion coefficients of different time-temperature profiles were calculated. The interdiffusion coefficient of the diffusion couple with a ramp rate of 1°C/min had a higher diffusion coefficient than that of the diffusion couple annealed isothermally at the equivalent temperature, 863°C, which means that cyclic thermal treatment has the effect of accelerating diffusion. When the ramp rate was 5ºC/min interdiffusion coefficients were higher than that of the diffusion couple annealed isothermally at the maximum temperature. However, when the ramp rate was increased to 10°C/min, the diffusion coefficient decreased to almost the same as the interdiffusion coefficient of the diffusion couple at the equivalent temperature. After achieving a promising result for the Cu-Ni diffusion couples, we expanded the cyclic thermal treatment to carburizing. The temperature range for cyclic pack carburization was 850° to 950°C. Increasing the cyclic ramp rate resulted in an increase in the case depth. Due to the setup of the pack carburization, the maximum cooling rate achievable is 5°C/min. In order to reach a higher ramp rate, an induction heating gas carburization system was setup. The temperature range for the cyclic induction heat gas carburization was 850°C to 950°C. For the cyclic induction heat gas carburization with increase in ramp rate, the case depth increased. The sample induction gas carburized at a ramp rate of 20°C/min had a deeper case depth than the sample induction gas carburized isothermally at 904.4°C, the equivalent temperature. The first test showed the sample induction gas carburized with a ramp rate of 20°C/min had a deeper case depth than the sample induction gas carburized isothermally at 950° C. With this we draw the conclusion that the cyclic induction gas carburization can achieve a deeper case depth than the isothermal at equivalent temperature induction gas carburization.
Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, December 2015
Nash, Philip
2015
2015-12
Dissertation
application/pdf
islandora:7095
http://hdl.handle.net/10560/3771
MMAE / Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering
Illinois Institute of Technology
en
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