Nanopore Stochastic Sensing of Biomarkers
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A method and system for sensing or characterizing a biomarker, such as a proteolytic enzyme or nucleic acid. The system comprises a nanopore sensor to determine a current modulation of a sample including a biomarker, and a predetermined substrate or nucleic acid probe current modulation signature for comparison to a current signature from the nanopore sensor. The nanopore sensor includes a nanopore membrane between two fluid compartments, and a power supply in electrical contact with the membrane to provide an electric potential difference between the fluid compartments. A detector is used to detect an electrical current through the nanopore as the polypeptide substrate, or components thereof, transits the nanopore under an applied electric potential difference between the first and second fluid compartments. The result is a rapid, label-free method for the sensitive and accurate measurement of biomarker activity by real-time monitoring of the ionic current modulations arising from the substrate peptide-protease interactions or nucleic acid hybridization in the nanopore.