EFFECT OF METABOLIC INHIBITION ON THE GROWTH AND BIOFILM PRODUCTION OF VIBRIO CHOLERAE AND PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
BUNN, DAKOTA C.
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V. cholerae is a gastrointestinal pathogen which causes extreme watery diarrhea and results in over 120,000 deaths per year worldwide. It is especially prevalent in developing countries that lack proper water treatment and in areas struck by natural disasters such as hurricanes. P. aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that is ubiquitous in nature, and increasingly found in hospitals burn wards, sinks, catheters and other surgical equipment. Both bacteria are developing increased antibiotic resistance through several mechanisms, with one of the most common ones being the formation of a complex exopolysaccharide matrix known as a biofilm. In this study, using metabolic inhibition, we determined that Na+-NQR is essential for the growth of V. cholerae and P. aeruginosa in both nutrient rich and physiological conditions. We were also able to confirm that inhibition of this enzyme, in both growth conditions, resulted in decreased biofilm production, subsequently eliminating one of the main mechanisms for antibiotic resistance of these bacteria.