HIGH GAIN HIGH EFFICIENCY RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER
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Low voltage power sources such as batteries, solar panels, and fuel cells have played an important role in applications such as automotive system, renewable energy power generation and so on. These applications of the low voltage power sources require a high gain DC-DC step-up converter. Research in this area shows great improvements for the converter topologies. As the power requirements keep increasing, the converter is going to sustain a very high input current. This high current can bring many design challenges in the existing topologies, such as high component current stress and power loss, complex and costly design for magnetic components, high input current ripple, etc. To address these challenges, a new topology of high gain DCDC step-up converter is needed. Evaluation of current high gain DC-DC converter topologies introduces the idea of the new topology which combines the advantages of different topologies and techniques. The new topology of high gain DC-DC converter suitable for low-voltage-high-current application is proposed in this dissertation. It consists of interleaved step-up topology, resonant circuit, and high frequency transformer. The topology has many merits such as high gain capability, high efficiency, low components stress and requirement of the transformer, simple topology with less number of active switching device, and easy to control. The dissertation carries out theoretical analysis of the proposed topology under different operating modes and the voltage gain has been deduced for each mode. The high voltage gain capability comes from 3 parts, which are interleaved step-up function, transformer turns-ratio and output voltage doubler circuit. Some variants of the topology make it more practical in many applications. In order to realize the design of the proposed converter, the design guidelines of major circuit components have been well studied in this dissertation. The switching power devices current stress and power loss are discussed in detailed to show the trend of their variation under different operating modes. The selection of transformer turns-ratio with the consideration of its impact to the component stress and power loss has been fully analyzed. The design method of the resonant tank is also well studied based on the resonant component value selection and its influence to the other components. Input inductor design is related to the current ripple requirement and this relationship is discussed thoroughly. These guidelines can be used to support the practical design of the proposed converter for different specifications. An effective output voltage regulation of the converter is essential for the proposed converter. To design a proper controller of the converter, the system transfer function is needed. The methods of system dynamic modeling have been fully studied in this dissertation. System dynamic state-space models are acquired by using generalized averaging method and the results validate the effectiveness of the method. Small signal model of the converter is achieved by linearization of the dynamic model around the operating points and system transfer functions are available at di↵erent operating points. The stability study indicates that the system is stable at all operating points, though there are several transfer functions at some operating points containing RHP zeros which can cause system unstable if the closed-loop controller is poorly designed. The parameter sensitivity study shows that the system transfer function is not greatly affected by the variation of the leakage inductance and load resistance. A design of PI controller is introduced in the dissertation and closed loop control of the converter is implemented to achieve the output voltage regulation. Simulations in PSIM and MATLAB Simulink have been carried out to validate the circuit operation and support the design analysis. A 2kW prototype has been built for experimental testing. The experimental results are in a good agreement with the theoretical analysis and efficiency of over 95% has been achieved for the nominal operating point.