A PARAMETRIC STUDY OF THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF DIFFERENT WALL SYSTEMS AT VARIOUS CLIMATE ZONES
LAI, SE YEN
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One of the most common energy conservative measures used is designing an air-tight and a well-insulated envelope. While there is an abundance of high-efficiency building envelope designs in the market which offer low thermal conductivity and high R-values as well as various studies on the thermal performance of various wall constructions, the results were often based on simplified study model and are not incompliance with the current building code. Most studies also focus on only one particular climate zone and one type of wall construction. This research aims to examine the thermal performance of different types of wall construction based on the traditional building envelope design materials in various climate zones based on insulation and air cavity placements on a non-simplified reference model that is used for construction. Study models developed are incompliance with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers [ASHRAE] 90.1-2010 based on U.S. Department of Energy [DOE] Commercial Prototype Building Model. The thermal performance of the wall will be determined using two different methods. The first method will be using Building Energy Modeling [BEM] software where the exterior wall construction will be modified based on DOE reference models where the results for the overall annual energy consumption [AEC] will be compared. AEC results showed small differences between study models which are negligible. The second method is the Total Thermal Constant [TTC] method, where the thermal lag will be compared. The building structures that will be used are a steel-framed structure which represents a medium office and a wood-framed structure which represents a quick service restaurant. TTC results were able to determine the least favorable study model.